Kazakhstan is one of the largest grain producing countries in the world, where agriculture is the major employer for the majority of the population. A high proportion of the population (43%) live in rural areas. The level of agricultural production development impacts the quality of life of not only those that work here, but also those that have some sort of relation to this industry. 

Livestock farming is a traditional sector of Kazakhstan’s agriculture. This sector provides food to people and raw materials to consumer goods industry. Kazakhstanhas have an annual production of up to 750K tons of meat, more than 4.5 mil. tons of milk, about 2.5 billion eggs and 30K tons of wool. However, the largest sector of Kazakhstan’s agriculture is represented by crop production that produces about 60% of total agricultural products in the country. The wheat export market is a key contributor to the republics economy. Despite the country being located in the area of risk farming, and the grain yield can fluctuate more than 50% year on year, Kazakhstan can fully satisfy its own needs in bread and exports at least 70% of the yield even during the worst years. Diverse soil and climatic conditions of Kazakhstan make it possible to produce almost all the temperate climate crops. 

In 2016, the area of cropping land amounted to 21,660Kha, which is 455Kha or 2% more compared to the previous year. The greater part of this area (15,400Kha or 71%) is covered by cereals. As the country has no direct access to any sea port, transportation of wheat by road via bordering countries is unprofitable. That’s why the country tries to diversify its cropping land and strives to find new crops that are demanded in the market.

Sowing area development since 2011

Northern economic region of Kazakhstan
In terms of agriculture the north is the bread-basket of the country. This area includes Akmola, Kostanay and North-Kazakhstan regions. The land reclamation took place here in 1950s. Many young people came to this virgin land from central areas of USSR. Which explains why the greater part of population in northern regions is represented by the Slavs and elderly people.

Cultivated area under cereals by regions in 2016, Kha

(wheat, barley, oat, rye)

It is noteworthy that weather conditions of 2016 were favorable for establishment of crops which assisted optimal yields. According to the Ministry of Agriculture the total yield of cereals amounted to more than 22 million tons.


Aknur Myrzagaziyeva, Executive Fieldwork Manager, Kleffmann Group Kazakhstan