Withdrawal of selected active ingredients
effects for field and orchard crop growers in Poland
In relation to the discussion on the withdrawal of selected active ingredients from the European market taking place in the European Commission forum, Kleffmann Group prepared an expertise about the potential effect of such withdrawal’s.
Renowned scientists dealing with the issues of farming and orchard plant protection and farming practitioners were invited to participate in the preparation of the expert opinion. It was a multi-stage process that was finalized with a meeting of the experts and representatives of agricultural organizations and associations. During the meeting and the ensuing discussion serving to summarize the opinions within the consultation for the preparation of the final report.
The experts agreed that the possible withdrawal of active ingredients from the market may result in numerous negative consequences. The most significant ones include:
Increased resistance of pathogens, resulting from the reduced rotation of active ingredients in crop protection practices. One of the effects will be higher risk from mycotoxins.
Increased use of crop protection products, compared to the current level, dictated by the increase in the number of treatments, translating into a higher burden on the environment; this factor will have a particularly strong effect in case of insecticides, in relation to the withdrawal of most of neonicotinoids and lack of seed treatments.
A decrease in the size and quality of harvested crops in field and orchard crops, due to less
effective chemical crop protection.
Increased agricultural production costs resulting from a higher number of treatments and elevated product prices, based on alternative (remaining on the market) active ingredients.
Reduction of income of farms, due to higher costs of crop protection, lower yield and deterioration of crop quality.
Growing threat of illegal use of crop protection products, e.g. the use of active ingredients for crops, for which they are not registered.
Increased risk related to illegal import of crop protection products to Poland and to introduction of counterfeit products of unknown make-up and origin.
Should all of the active ingredients in discussion be withdrawn, black currant crops will be affected most severely. Due to a very limited range of crop protection products for this particular crop, the withdrawal of two, important active ingredients (metiram and mancozeb) will increase the risk of anthracnose, consequently leading to increased crop losses due to deteriorated fructification. In extremely unfavorable weather conditions and if the diseases drastically intensifies and there is no way to limit its spread, it is possible that 100% of the fruit may not reach size required by buyers (processing and trade businesses).
Speaking of farming crops, rapeseed, potato and sugar beet crops may suffer a significant drop. The withdrawal of fungicide actives (triazoles) and seed treatment products will lead to serious problems for these plant species. With respect to crops destined for food production (wheat, potatoes) difficulties in achieving quality of crops may arise - potato tubers may be damaged or misshapen and mycotoxins may be present in wheat.
The regulatory actions concerning the chemical protection of crop plants should be evolutionary in nature, not revolutionary. Mass and quick withdrawal of active ingredients present in numerous formulations for controlling pests will be done at the expense of the producers. The withdrawal’s effects will also affect processing businesses and consumers through reduced quality of the produce and the likely increase of prices driven by reduced supply.
Crop protection products are an important part of modern agricultural technology. Can help to reach higher levels of crop production and the achievement of high quality agricultural products. Because of the strong relation between agricultural production and the environment it is necessary to regulate the market of crop protection products but also create innovations, which are generated by R & D departments of chemical companies. Any changes on crop protection products markets should be preceded by a deep analysis and scientific research and then implement in an evolutionary way. With such approach all actors in the food market will be able to adapt to them properly.
Research Team Manager